Creation of the Universe and the big bang! Science with Religion. According to many astronomers, the universe was created during an event that’s known as Big Bang; a giant explosion that took place many years ago (10 – 20 Billion). 

HISTORY

The explosion took place in all directions and got bigger and bigger. Eventually, it formed planets, stars, and galaxies. 

SCIENTIFIC VIEWS

 In the beginning, The universes contained very hot matter; not even an atom can exist. This universe then cooled down and converted this heat energy into sub-atomic particles i.e protons, neutrons, and electrons. It took thousands of years for these electrons to combine with atomic nuclei (proton+neutron) and create electrically neutral atoms.

First elements made: The first elements that were produced are hydrogen and helium followed by the traces of lithium and beryllium. These elements formed giant clouds resulting in the formation of stars. And they lead to the production of heavy matter found in galaxies today. 

EVIDENCE OF BIG BANG: 

The first solid evidence is the detection of Cosmic Microwave Background radiation (CMBR). The universe is young and hot and was made of Plasma that was continuously emitting and reabsorbing light preventing the light from traveling through space.
The aforementioned point tells us that the universe starts cooling. Since it started cooling, plasma started to form neutral atoms that did not absorb light so the universe was transparent and clearly showed light. The CMBR is the light that was emitted by the hot plasma when the universe was turning from opaque to transparent. 

SPOTTING GALAXIES: 

Infrared light has enabled us to measure the speed of the expansion of the universe and is the only way to spot the galaxies that formed when the universe was very young. 

WHAT DOES RELIGION ISLAM SAY ABOUT BIG BANG? 

According to Islam, Allah Ta’ala is the creator of the entire universe. He alone manages it; He is Eternal and the Absolute. Almighty Allah is the Most Powerful. 

The Holy Quran says, 

“Indeed there is no God but he” And, “He is the one who created the heaven and the earth in six days” According to Islam, After creating the Universe, Allah created a pen and a tablet. He then asked the pen to write whatever will happen and this is made our destiny.
According to the Quran, The Qur’an says that “the heavens and the earth were joined together as one unit before We clove them asunder” (21:30). 

Moreover, the Qur’an describes that Allah “made from water every living thing” “Allah has created every animal from water. Some of them are that creep on their bellies, some walk on two legs, and some walk on four.
Allah creates what He has the power to create all ” Science agrees on it that everything in the universe is made from the water.

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