What is Islam?
A religion starts in the 7th century; the preacher of Islam at that time was Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). He started his preaching from Mecca, according him to educate people about the correct way to live. The religion Islam has a holy book named “Quran” and “Harem (khana Kaba)” which is known as the center of worship for the Muslims. After the death of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Muslims select a caliph to preach Islam.
The golden period of early Islam:
Islam started its spreading process from the Middle East and goes towards Egypt. Afterward, by crossing North Africa it moved towards southern Spain and at last from Persia to Asia. The era of 750 AD to 1050 AD is considered the golden period of Islam. In that period Muslim scientists and scholars made achievements and inventions.
Islam always promoted science and technology, and seeking knowledge and education is the obligation of every Muslim.
Once the last prophet of Islam “Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)” said:
“The one who chases the thoroughfare of knowledge will direct to the thoroughfare of paradise by the Almighty Allah”.
Islam Always appreciated inventions to improve the quality of life; it includes triangulating for travelers, tools to improve medical knowledge, agriculture-related tools, inventions in computers, and many more.
The use of paper and books were compulsory for the promotion of knowledge during early Islam. The art of paper making was transferred to Muslims by papermakers of china. After that Muslims constructed a mill in Baghdad. A great focus of Muslims was on the formation of bookshops and libraries all over the Islamic territory. The well-off contributor helps a lot by purchasing more expensive books.
The internal language was “Arabic” at that time; Many scholars translated many books to Arabic from multiple languages in order to help out their research fellows. The scholars translate important research and new inventions from multiple languages like Greek, Latin, and many more. At the end of the 10th century, Muslims have a huge library containing huge knowledge of multiple languages.
The lands of Arabs were dry and dehydrated, so inventing technologies for water and agriculture was the demand of that time. The water body, waterway, and steam engine are the major part of Islamic engineering. Apart from this, the amplification of knowledge regarding plants and natural history helps a lot in the field of agriculture.
The art of paper making, steel manufacturing, the manufacturing of other metals, the construction of buildings, and the advancement in tools and instruments related to technology and science belong to Islamic technology.
Interesting Facts about technology in early Islam:
- As Muslims translated and developed a huge amount of knowledge in Arabic, this feature makes Arabic an international language at that time.
- Muslim scholars reproduce the work of Greek scientists and scholars at that time.
- Muslim astronomers did such brilliant work which leaves a magical impact on astronomers of the modern age.
- Ibn Al-Haitham was the first theoretical scientist/physicist in history.